JUXTAPOSITION is the placement of two or more unrelated things near to (or on top of) each other. It provokes comparison and contrast and makes the viewer think more carefully about the objects that a
re put together and why the artist made that choice.
REVERSAL involves flipping images or objects around to change the way that they are viewed or perceived. Reflections and mirror images are commonly used to create reversal.
DISTORTION involves stretching, lengthening, shortening, squeezing, melting and twisting an object from its original appearance to a new, strange, surreal appearance.
DISPLACEMENT involves relocating or transposing an object from its usual environment to one that it does not usually belong.
FRAGMENTATION involves cutting or smashing pieces of an image and/or creating an effect that appears to segment the artwork into smaller pieces. Cubism is an effect of fragmenting as is the appearance of broken glass.
EXAGGERATION involves enlarging parts of an image to an unreal size creating unbalance, emphasis and/or interest in parts of the artwork.
REPETITION is when you repeat an art element over and over to create a pattern. This can also be referred to as a tessellation.