Letter Formation

This year KB is focusing on handwriting. Although most students came into KB writing letters or at least their names, the way students were forming letters was incorrect. Proper formation not only prompts legible handwriting, but it also engages the brain and prepares it for recognizing letters when reading.

In this post please take note of the language we use to help kids remember the parts of letters and always take note that letter formation ALWAYS starts from the “up” position and heads down. In the picture shown the arrow indicates where the pencil should start and which way the pencil stroke should go. If there is no number indicated it means that the pencil never comes off the paper for the whole formation of the letter. If there are numbers 1 and 2 it means that there are 2 different strokes during which the pencil is lifted after stroke 1.

When doing writing workshop the paper students are using is lined paper that replicates the lines on the image below as well. Although not necessary for some of our learners at this point, the lines help students become more spacially aware of how and where their marks are being made on the paper and the proportions of one part of the letter to another.

Language used when talking about handwriting:

-BIG STICK- letters that start above the line  (used in letters like b, d, f, h,k,l,t)

-SMALL STICK (used in letters i,k,m,n,r,t,v,w,x,z)

-MAGIC C LETTERS- letters that form a c with the initial movement then change from there (a,b,c,d,g,o,q)

-HANGING STICK- letters that have a tall stick, but the stick hangs underground. Hanging sticks are also BIG STICKS, but the placement is different  (used in letters g,j,p,q,y)

-SLEEPING STICK- (used in the letter t)

-CURVE – refers to the atch in magic C and the tops of letters m,n and the bottom of letter u


If you have any questions about proper letter formation please don’t hesitate to contact me!


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